Architecture

Papigo has been an organised settlement since the late 16th century, when all the residents of the nearby settlements (Kalivia, Nifitsa, Pogdora, Klinovo, Lipsesi, Agia Kiriaki, Agia Paraskevi) moved to Big Papigo, which, according to Lampridis, had 230 families. The settlements of both Big and Small Papigo adopt the arrangement followed by all the settlements of Zagori; They are organised round a centre, called Mesohori, which has a square, with a platan and around this square all the public services are gathered: the school, the church, the cafe and the fountain.
Round Mesohori houses of defensive style, dense layout, tall yard walls and robust wooden gates are built.
A complex system of cobbled roads and paths begins from Mesohori reaching the work places: fields, the pasture lands, the forests, even the nearby settlements.

Based on their architecture the houses of Zagori are organised in four periods:

  • 1600 - 1700. Small rectangular buildings with elevated ground floor, low internal spaces, doors and small vaulted windows. The hearth was found in the middle of the building and the scale is exterior.
  • 1700 - 1750. The buildings were taller than those of the previous period with bigger windows and internal balcony. Each floor had four rooms, kitchen, living room (mantzato) and reception room (ontas).
  • 1750 - 1850. The buildings were even taller and more comfortable, with wooden rooms, where there was a wardrobe. The ceilings and reception rooms were decorated with splendid murals.
  • 1850 - 1880. Big two or even three-storied houses were built with big reception rooms, comfortable living rooms and auxiliary spaces, cellars and food deposits (mpimtses), with splendid decor both on the ceilings and walls.

Most of the old houses of Papigo were built during the last two periods. The craftsmen that built the houses were mainly from the villages of Konitsa and Tzoumerka and they were organised in guilds (crowds). The painters that decorated the walls were mainly from the village Hionades of Konitsa.
In most villages of Zagori and in many villages of Papigo, a large number of houses with folk murals in their interior are preserved up to our days.

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